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Overweight

If you weigh too much in relation to your height, this is a health risk. A method that is commonly used for measuring whether a person is overweight is the Body Mass Index (BMI). A BMI score of more than 25 indicates that a person is overweight, while a BMI of more than 30 indicates obesity. The amount of abdominal fat and fat around the organs is also significant. This fat appears to be responsible in particular for the secretion of hormones with an impact on energy balance, blood pressure and the occurrence of inflammation, amongst other things. A healthy waist measurement for women is less than 80 cm, while for men it is less than 94 cm. Systematically changing your diet can help you achieve and maintain a healthy weight and a healthy waist measurement.

Being overweight and your health

There are a number of health effects associated with being overweight.

Being overweight increases the risk of Alzheimer’s

Being overweight (particularly having too much abdominal fat) increases the risk of developing Alzheimer’s, probably due to the hormone system being disrupted.

Being overweight increases the risk of a stroke

Being overweight increases the risk of high blood pressure and consequently the risk of a stroke. If you are overweight, you are also at greater risk of developing diabetes and having a cholesterol level that is too high. These are also risk factors for a stroke.

Being overweight increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases

If you are overweight, you are at greater risk of suffering from high blood pressure, developing diabetes and having a cholesterol level that is too high. These are all risk factors for developing cardiovascular diseases.

Being overweight increases the risk of type 2 diabetes

Being overweight is a significant risk factor for type 2 diabetes, particularly if you have too much abdominal fat. When you are overweight your body produces more insulin, as a result of which the cells in your body become less sensitive to this hormone. This disrupts your blood glucose level.

Your insulin sensitivity will quickly improve if you lose weight and exercise regularly; this will reduce the risk of developing diabetes.

Being overweight increases the risk of breast cancer

Having too much abdominal fat increases the risk of breast cancer. Generally speaking, being overweight can lead to increased secretion of the hormones insulin and leptin by fatty tissue. For post-menopausal women being overweight leads to higher oestrogen levels. These hormones can influence the growth and development of cancer cells.

Furthermore, being overweight is associated with chronic inflammation in the fatty tissue. In this inflamed fatty tissue substances are secreted that may also influence the growth and development of cancer cells.

Being overweight increases the risk of prostate cancer

Being overweight is associated with an increased risk of developing prostate cancer. Generally speaking, being overweight can lead to increased secretion of the hormones insulin and leptin by fatty tissue. These hormones can influence the growth and development of cancer cells.

Furthermore, being overweight is associated with chronic inflammation in the fatty tissue. In this inflamed fatty tissue substances are secreted that may also influence the growth and development of cancer cells.

Being overweight increases the risk of bowel cancer

Being overweight increases the risk of developing bowel cancer. Abdominal fat is a particularly crucial factor here. Generally speaking, being overweight can lead to increased secretion of the hormones insulin and leptin by fatty tissue. These hormones can influence the growth and development of cancer cells.

Furthermore, being overweight is associated with chronic inflammation in the fatty tissue. In this inflamed fatty tissue substances are secreted that may also influence the growth and development of cancer cells.

Being overweight increases the risk of oesophageal cancer

Being overweight is associated with an increased risk of developing oesophageal cancer. Generally speaking, being overweight can lead to increased secretion of the hormones insulin and leptin by fatty tissue. These hormones can influence the growth and development of cancer cells.

Furthermore, being overweight is associated with chronic inflammation in the fatty tissue. In this inflamed fatty tissue substances are secreted that may also influence the growth and development of cancer cells.

Being overweight increases the risk of ovarian cancer

Being overweight is associated with an increased risk of developing ovarian cancer. Generally speaking, being overweight can lead to increased secretion of the hormones insulin and leptin by fatty tissue. These hormones can influence the growth and development of cancer cells.

Furthermore, being overweight is associated with chronic inflammation in the fatty tissue. In this inflamed fatty tissue substances are secreted that may also influence the growth and development of cancer cells.

Being overweight increases the risk of liver cancer

Being overweight can lead to fatty liver disease. A fatty liver increases the risk of hepatitis and cirrhosis of the liver, resulting in a greater risk of developing liver cancer. Being overweight at a young age can also lead to an increased risk of liver cancer in later life.

Being overweight increases the risk of stomach cancer

Being overweight is associated with an increased risk of developing stomach cancer. Generally speaking, being overweight can lead to increased secretion of the hormones insulin and leptin by fatty tissue. These hormones can influence the growth and development of cancer cells.

Furthermore, being overweight is associated with chronic inflammation in the fatty tissue. In this inflamed fatty tissue substances are secreted that may also influence the growth and development of cancer cells.

Being overweight increases the risk of breast cancer

Being overweight is a risk factor for male breast cancer. Men with a BMI above 30 (obese) in particular have a greater risk of developing breast cancer.

This can probably be explained by the fact that a higher percentage of fat results in more oestrogen and less testosterone being produced. This disrupted hormone balance increases the risk of developing breast cancer.

iGene Passport

iGene offers you an insight into your personal risks of developing conditions and tells you whether preventing yourself from becoming overweight may be particularly important for you to help prevent certain conditions. In addition, an iGene Passport provides you with information on what else you can do to reduce any risks. Here we focus on behaviour that will help you maximise the benefits to your health. In the publication below you can read more about what iGene can do for you.