Antioxidants reduce the risk of macular degeneration
Research has demonstrated that certain antioxidants and carotenoids (in particular lutein and zeaxanthin) can inhibit the development and progression of macular degeneration. Lutein and zeaxanthin are mainly found in the macula and act as an antioxidant there. They are also important for good eyesight. You can obtain these antioxidants by eating sufficient fruit and vegetables. Green vegetables such as spinach, endives, kale and broccoli are particularly rich in lutein and zeaxanthin.
A recently published study demonstrated that the progression of macular degeneration can be inhibited by a combination supplement containing vitamin C, vitamin E, lutein, zeaxanthin, copper, zinc and omega-3 fatty acids. There are also indications that these micronutrients reduce the risk of macular degeneration.
Please note: do not simply take multivitamins or supplements, assuming that this will reduce your risk of macular degeneration. In high concentrations some micronutrients can actually have an adverse effect or are linked to other risks. Always ask an ophthalmologist first whether it may make sense to take supplements.